Mourners Recall Past
By United Press International
Mickey Rooney says the world
was too late to understand and love Judy Garland. "If they could have taken
her to their hearts a little sooner, she might still be alive today." said
Rooney, a child star with Miss Garland at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and later
her costar in the Andy Hardy series.
Ray Bolger who played the
Scarecrow in Judy's best known film, "The Wizard of Oz" summed the feelings
of many Hollywood personalities who knew Miss Garland. "I think the whole
world probably burst the bubble on Judy Garland," Bolger said in New York.
"Her last years must have been very difficult."
Margaret Hamilton played
the wicked witch in "The Wizard of Oz" and first met Judy when she was
16. "When you work with someone on a picture you only know that side of
them," Miss Hamilton said.
'Everyone Loved Her'
"But as far as I knew, she
was a gay, darling, bubbly person terribly talented. Everyone loved her."
Fred Astaire, who co-starred
with Miss Garland in "Easter Parade," said "I did only one movie with Judy
and found her a delightful person to work with. I feel very badly about
George Jessel recalled that
he gave the singer her stage name.
"She was only 11 years old
but she sang like a woman three times her age with broken heart. They laughed
when I introduced her as Frances Gumm, so one day I said, Judith Garland."
'Over the Rainbow': Judy's Own Tragedy
From Times Wire Reports
LONDON - The yellow brick
road led to torment and despair and loneliness for Judy Garland. The beautiful
colors of her rainbow faded with the years. She was found dead in her bathroom
Scotland Yard ruled out foul
play - the body was unmarked - and planned an autopsy later today. A Yard
spokesman said it could have been from natural causes. She was 47.
Miss Garland in 1967 provided
in effect, her own epitaph: "When you have lived the life I've lived, when
you have loved and suffered and been madly happy and desperately sad -
well, that's when you realize that you'll never be able to set it all down.
. . maybe you'd rather die first."
Husband Finds Body
The man with whom she said
she had finally found happiness, Mickey Deans, found Miss Garland's body
at 11:00 a.m. Sunday on the bathroom floor.
"This is it. For the first
time in my life, I am really happy," she had said on marrying Deans, her
fifth husband, three months ago. "Finally, finally, I am loved."
Investigators found no suicide
note in the two story home. They did not rule out an accidental overdose
A doctor who treated the
singer-actress frequently in her bouts with drugs and alcohol, Philip Lebon,
told a newsman she had cirrhosis of the liver and "how she managed to live
this long, I just don't know."
Miss Garland, Deans and Phillipe
Roberge, a show business friend, had spent Saturday night at the Deans'
home eating and watching television. Friends described the singer in good
It was Miss Garland's portrayal
of Dorothy in "The Wizard of Oz," walking the yellow brick road and singing
"Somewhere Over the Rainbow," that made her famous at 17.
She played in 34 movies to
the adulation of millions of diehard fans who overlooked her roughening
voice and her tardiness to concerts in later years. Sometimes she didn't
show up at all.
Those who knew her best of
all, her children, said they drew comfort from the happiness she had brought
to millions of people.
"The only thing that really
comforts us now is the thought that nothing can destroy our love or disturb
the legend that she created. To us, that always was and always will be
a beautiful thing."
A family spokesman released
the statement in New York on behalf of her daughter, singer Liza Minnelli,
23, and her children by marriage to Sidney Luft - Joey Luft, 14, and Lorna
Top of the World
Miss Garland had been married
to Deans, a 35-year-old former New York discotheque manager, for 100 days.
A friend, singer Gina Dangerfield, said: "Judy was feeling on top of the
world. They were very much in love and it seemed that she had found happiness
The Judy Garland story was
one of pills, divorces, on-stage collapses, illnesses, audiences that booed
her and finished by yelling: "We love you Judy!" She reportedly attempted
suicide several times. In the most publicized attempt, she slashed her
throat at the age of 28.
But just when Miss Garland
appeared washed up, she bounced back again.
Born Frances Gumm on June
10, 1922, in Grand Rapids, Minn., she was the youngest of three daughters
in a vaudeville team. It is said she made her first appearance in a Grand
Rapids theater at the age of 30 months, singing "Jingle Bells," and that
she was so thrilled by performing that her father had to pull her off the
stage after she'd sung the number seven times.
A widely traveled child star
from the age of 3, Miss Garland changed her name at the suggestion of George
Jessel. Her first film in 1935 was a 2 reel short called "Every Sunday
Afternoon," but her first well known movie was "Pigskin Parade." Her 1939
role in "The Wizard of Oz" catapulted her into the hearts of millions.
In 1940, 1941 and 1945 she
was named one of the 10 highest paid stars in Hollywood, earning $150,000
a film. Her series with Mickey Rooney in the Andy Hardy stories was a national
hit, still revived occasionally on the late-late show.
Her movies are estimated
to have earned $100 million, but tragedy dogged her. At 18 she was under
psychiatric care and consuming many kinds of pills.
She was divorced four times
- in 1944 after a three-year marriage to composer David Rose; in 1951,
after a six-year marriage to director Vincente Minnelli; in 1965 after
a 13-year marriage to Sid Luft, her manager; and finally from actor Mark
Herron, after a marriage of 19 months.
Her three children were in
the United States when they learned of their mother's death.
Dancer Fred Astaire said:
"She was unlimited in her talents and learned everything very quickly....one
of the most talented women who ever lived."
"She was - I'm sure - at
peace, and has found that rainbow. At least I hope she has," said Mickey
Tests Continue on Cause
Of Judy Garland's Death
United Press International
LONDON - Pathologists investigating
Judy Garland's death ran more laboratory tests today in efforts to determine
whether in fact an overdose of sleeping pills killed her.
Scotland Yard sources said
an autopsy performed Monday revealed evidence of an excess of sleep-inducing
drugs in the star's system. Some pills were found in the two-room home
where she was found dead Sunday.
"It is absolutely impossible
to say if such an overdose was either accidental or otherwise." a Scotland
Yard source said. Further lab tests on her blood and some organs were ordered.
Westminster Coroner Gavin
Thurston called an inquiry for Wednesday to hear testimony, the autopsy
report and the laboratory findings to legally affix the cause of the 47-year-old
Mickey Deans, her fifth husband,
was a certain witness, whether in person or by sworn statement, for it
was he who spent her final hours with the singer and found her dead at
11:00 a.m. Sunday.
Friends described Miss Garland
on her last day as depressed in the early morning and then gay, laughing
and joking in the evening over dinner in the Deans home.
Scotland Yard refused to
comment on newspaper reports that the pills found in her home were 50 sleeping
tablets out of a bottle of 100 she had bought Saturday. The Yard said the
tablets were not found next to the body.
Plans got under way to ship
the body to New York, probably early Thursday. There, it will be put on
public display at the Frank Campbell Funeral Home, with a private funeral
and burial on Friday.
A London doctor who treated
Miss Garland in her frequent bouts with drugs and alcohol, Philip Lebon,
had said she suffered from cirrhosis of the liver - and incurable disease
that affects alcoholics.
"She was living on borrowed
time." he said
Judy Took Too Many Pills
United Press International
LONDON - Judy Garland died
in her London home Sunday from an accidental overdose of sleeping pills,
a London coroner ruled today.
"There is no evidence at
all of a deliberate action by Miss Garland and I want to make that absolutely
clear." coroner Gavin Thursdon said at the brief inquest into the death
of the 47-year-old singer.
"I shall consider the cause
of death to be incautious self overdosage of the sleeping drug Seconal,"
The habitual use of the sleeping
pills reflected the tortured life of the singer whose body was found in
the locked bathroom of her home at 4 Cadogan Lane in London's elegant Belgravia
section by her fifth husband, Mickey Deans, 35.
Both Deans and her London
doctor testified she had habitually used Seconal "for many years." Deans
was the chief witness at the inquest which disposed of two widely believed
legends about the star - that she was a heavy drinker and as a result suffered
from cirrhosis of the liver.
Thursdon said an autopsy
on her body showed that Miss Garland had been addicted to sleeping pills
"She took more Seconal than
her body could tolerate." Thursdon told a courtroom packed with newsmen
and fans of the dead singer in describing the cause of death.
"Whether she did this in
a daze from previous doses is unclear. But one thing is certain - there
is absolutely no evidence this was intentional." he said.
Among the witnesses was pathologist
Dr. R. E. K. Pocock who testified he found 4.9 milligrams of Seconal in
Miss Garland's blood. "an extremely high level" that would normally kill
almost anyone instantly if taken in that quantity at one time.
But Pocock emphasized he
found no inflammation of the stomach and no trace of barbiturates in the
stomach, a medical fact showing the Seconal had been absorbed over a considerable
period rather than taken in a massive dose.
Dr. John Traherne, Miss Garland's
London doctor, testified:
"I don't think Miss Garland
would have been able to sleep without Seconal." He testified she had been
"habitually using" the sleeping drug "for many years."
This testimony was confirmed
by Deans, a theatrical agent, appearing under his real name of Michael
deVinko. Deans, 35, testified he found his wife of three months in the
locked bathroom about 10:40 a.m. Sunday.
A family spokesman had said
Deans would take Miss Garland's body to New York following the inquest.
There, it will go on public view Thursday with the funeral and burial Friday.
Sad Fans See Judy Last Time
United Press International
NEW YORK - "We love you,
Judy!" said the inscription on a rainbow shaped spray of multicolored carnations
that stood beside the glass-topped steel coffin lined with blue velvet.
It was because Judy Garland's
fans loved her that they came by the hundreds today under lowering skies
to Campbell's, the elegant East Side funeral chapel where Rudolf Valentino,
Arturo Toscanini, Diana Barrymore, Gertrude Lawrence, Judy Holliday, Montgomery
Clift, Bert Lahr and Tallulah Bankhead have laid in state. Some had been
in line 10 hours when the chapel doors opened for the viewing of the star's
slight body dressed in dark grey crepe.
The occasion was heavy with
sentiment. Paul Ambrose, 21, brought a battery-powered record player and
Garland recordings and the strident yet haunting voice mixed with the traffic
noises of Madison Avenue at the morning rush hour - "Somewhere Over the
Most of the fans believed
that the rainbow had not eluded Judy despite her tragic death from accidental
sleeping pill poisoning in London last Sunday.
"Judy was just beautiful,
no matter how ugly people talked about her." said Norman Chelf, 21, a male
model. "She had a sad life almost up until the end, when she found love,
and I think that's beautiful."
Miss Garland's husband of
three months, former night club manager Mickey Deans brought the remains
home early today by jetliner. The only jewelry viewers of the body could
see was the interwoven ring made of three circlets of gold which Deans
gave her when they were married in London, her fifth trip to the altar.
Among the earliest visitors
to the funeral home were Kay Thompson and Miss Garland's son-in-law, singer
Peter Allen. Allen's wife, Liza Minnelli, had made all the arrangements
for the funeral service at the chapel Friday afternoon. The simple Episcopal
rites will be performed against a background of favorite Garland songs
played on the organ by the singers accompanist, Jack French.
Funeral is Today
Thousands Come to See Judy
Washington Post-Los Angeles
Times News Service
NEW YORK - More than a year
ago, an interviewer asked Judy Garland to explain the almost fanatic passion
of her public following.
"I'll be darned if I know
how to answer it," she said. "I don't know... what do you think... I don't
Yesterday, the mystique that
she herself could never define in life, brought tens of thousands to her
side for a final glimpse of the star, who died Sunday in London.
Some waited through the night
until viewing began at 11 a.m. yesterday at the small chapel of the Campbell
Funeral Home on Madison Avenue and 81st Street. They filed past the bier
where Miss Garland, 47, lay on a buff-colored cushioning in an open white
metal coffin, surrounded by dozens of yellow chrysanthemums and daisies.
This chapel was the scene
of funerals for many famous people. Including Rudolph Valentino, Arturo
Tuscanini, Gertruded Lawrence and Talullah Bankhead.
Miss Garland's familiar gamin
features seemed composed; her eyelids shadowed in blue, her lips lightly
painted with an orange-hued lipstick. She wore a long gray gown - the one
she wore for her fifth wedding three months ago - with a belt of pearls,
her hands clasped together over a Bible.
The death of the world-famous
singer-actress was due to an accidental overdose of barbiturates, according
to a coroner's finding in London. Her body was flown to New York last night,
the city of her many triumphant returns to the Palace Theater, for yesterday's
viewing and a private funeral today. Actor James Mason with whom Miss Garland
starred in one her most famous films, "A Star is Born," will deliver the
At least 5,000 people were
lined up outside the chapel throughout the day and evening. Most of them
seemed middle aged, although there were a surprising number of children,
who had been caught by the Garland magnetism in the annual television showing
of the classic, "The Wizard of Oz."
The adult fans, some of them
wiping away tears, tried to articulate the fascination that had drawn them
to the star in life and to the funeral home yesterday to wait hours for
a brief look.
"I loved her," said Karen
Schiff, 21, who had come from Washington, D. C. "When she got on the stage
it was just like a religious experience."
"Her personality was overwhelming,"
said Gustavo Faxas, a singer. "She radiated love. She made herself lovable
even when she had no voice left."
"She was very emotional person,"
said Joan D. Murphy. "This came through. She generated it to others."
Many in line had come out
of curiosity more than sadness. For them, it was an opportunity - finally
- to see Judy Garland in person.
of Judy Garland
by James Mason
eulogy is copied from Al DiOrio's Book, Little Girl Lost
The thing about Judy Garland
was that she was so alive. You close your eyes and you see a small
vivid woman sometimes fat, sometimes thin, but vivid. Vivacity, vitality
- that's what our Judy had, and still has as far as I'm concerned.
I did not see much of her during the last ten years. Maybe I saw
her sometimes when she was low or sick or not at the top of her form but
it did not in the least impair the unbreakable image which remained constant
- unchanged even up to and including today.
Beyond the walls of this
church there are millions of people in the United States, who know Judy
Garland and love her; and there are millions more in other countries; and
each individual cherishes his own special image. Each such image
is registered firmly in a living brain; each one alive in fact.
And those images will remain alive until in turn each life is switched
off and its memory fades. When the youngest of those who today love
Judy is no longer alive only then will the idea of Judy as we know her,
be finally rendered extinct and she will become instead a chapter in the
history of show business.
Those who read this chapter
will wonder what she was and will ask why contemporaries raved about her
and carried on so.
There is a German saying
which is worth quoting in this context: "Die machweltfeicht dem mimen keine
kranze." Kranze means wreaths or better still, garlands, so it means:
"Posterity weaves no garlands for actors."
Once an actors work is done
and the memories of those who saw him or her are extinguished, no effort
on the part of posterity can put him together again.
It may seem ironical that
some of our newspapers and magazines are prepared to devote more space
to this final event than to any of Judy's achievements during her life.
But let's not fret too much about that. Let us make the best of the
moment and weave garlands while we may. If only for the sake of the
future student of show business history who will try to make something
of that chapter that survives of Judy, let us make an effort to define
this lady's greatness.
Fortunately, there will be
many people much better equipped for the job than I. Perhaps even
in this church there are those who knew Judy when she was a child
performer, one of the Gumm Sisters. Tonight in Hollywood, veterans
will reminisce deep into the night about the teenage Judy in her early
days at M-G-M. There are many here in this church, I am sure, who
witnessed her rebirth as a star at the Palace Theater in 1951. I
was thrilled by the echoes that reverberated in California but I remained
a a witness by hearsay only. The performances. Of the people
who were close to her during those and all her later triumphs and setbacks
I am sure that many are here now and could give us a blow by blow account.
I traveled in her orbit only
for a while but it was an exciting while and one during which it seemed
that the joys in her life out balanced the miseries. The little girl
whom I knew who had a little curl right in the middle of her forehead,
when she was good she was not only very, very good, she was the most sympathetic,
the funniest, the sharpest and the most stimulating woman I ever knew.
She was a lady who gave so
much and richly both to her vast audience whom she entertained and to the
friends around her whom she loved that there was no currency in which to
repay her. And she needed to be repaid, she needed devotion and love
beyond the resources of any of us.
People took from her what
they wanted most. Had I ever been in a position to take what I wanted
from her, it would have been a long program of funny funny movies
since I firmly believed that she was the funniest girl in the world.
But she was so touching that she was invariably in demand to do the purely
emotional thing. It was this very touching quality that made her
such a great comedian. In these great funny films that I dreamed
of she would have developed a line of whacky comedy which would have been
more effective being played without a trace of emotion in the framework
of a harrowing plot.
She had pursued this line
very effectively, if briefly, during the early stages of her movie career.
But the lines had been discontinued, and the hopes for its revival which
I long cherished must now at last be abandoned.
I think that I have a hint
for the Judy Garland student yet unborn. Her special talent was this:
she could sing so that it would break your heart. What is a tough
audience? A tough audience is a group of high income bracket cynics
at a Hollywood party. Judy's gift to them was to wring tears from
men with hearts of rock.
The person who probably
of all the world knew Judy best is her older daughter, Liza Minnelli.
Since I do not have an ending of my own to this eulogy, I will again quote
from Liza Minnelli's moving statement, which she issued after the death
of her mother:
"I wish you would mention
the joy she had for life. That's what she gave me. If she was
the tragic figure they said she was, I would be a wreck, wouldn't I?
It was her love of life that
carried her through everything. The middle of the road was never
for her. It bored her. She wanted the pinnacle of excitement.
If she was happy, she wasn't just happy, she was ecstatic. And when
she was sad, she was sadder than anyone.
She lived eight lives in
one, and yet I thought she would outlive us all. She was a great
talent and for the rest of my life, I will be proud to be Judy Garland's